The Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Innovation has established Entrepreneurship Centers in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions to help students transition into self-employment after the completion of programs.
Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation, Blade Nzimande, revealed this in Parliament on Thursday during the vote on the department’s 2022 budget.
This is part of the government’s overall strategy to train South African youth and develop skills in areas that are needed by the economy. The strategy ranges from basic education to tertiary education.
In basic education, a number of new subjects have been added to the school curriculum over the past five years to fulfill this strategy, with technology-driven topics such as robotics and programming it should be added in the next year.
Some new subjects include:
- Art and design
- Agricultural Studies
- Ancillary health care
- Aviation Studies
- Civil technology
- Consumer Studies 8. Digital technology
- Early childhood development
- Electric technology
- hospitality studies
- maritime sciences
- Maintenance and upholstery
- Mechanical Technology
- personal care
- Technical Mathematics
- Technical sciences
- Wholesale and retail
Other than that, the department is looking to introduce a new one Certificate of General Education (GEC)which is being tested by selected schools in 2022, with the intention of distributing the certificate to all schools in the country by the 2024 school year.
The GEC aims to give students recognition of their achievements at the end of Grade 9, to enable them to move on to vocational training. The Department of Basic Education pointed out that this is not a baccalaureate, but rather a certificate for continuing education.
On Thursday (12 May), Higher Education Minister Nzimande explained how the government’s professional strategy in the tertiary education sector will continue.
In the current financial year, the minister said the department expects the fees levy to increase to Rs 20.6 billion from last year’s Rs 18.9 billion.
Nzimande said the department also made the decision to prioritize the industry by reallocating additional funds from the National Skills Fund.
“We have begun a process of creating a country, a skills plan: a master skills plan. This process will promote a more efficient and effective mechanism for skills planning at the national level.
“As part of my Service Level Agreement with Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETA), they will incorporate government priorities, particularly those addressing the triple challenges of poverty, unemployment and inequality as captured in the National Development Plan. , in their sectoral competencies plans. “
They would then develop their Annual Performance Plans (APPs) to address skills challenges in various sectors of the economy and the country at large.
Both undergraduate and TVET college programs are being revised and strengthened to be relevant to the skills required by local employers, communities and the economy.
The minister said SETAs will process qualifying business test questions within 40 days of receiving the business tests and develop credible sector skills plans. In this regard SETA would produce reports on the implementation of the skills strategy.
“To further ensure the rapid qualification and training of our young people, especially those in rural areas and municipalities, we will focus our attention on their training in sectors such as agriculture and information and communication technologies,” he said.
“Our SETAs will support my Department of Science and Innovation (DSI) in developing critical high-end skills in selected technology areas such as bioeconomy, space science, technological energy, intellectual property management.”
During the financial year 2022/23, the ministry will increase its on-the-job learning programs from 78,317 to 107,000.
“We will also increase our students enrolled in skills development programs from 43,885 in 2020/21 to 148,000 in 2022/23 and increase our students entering craft programs from 10,302 in 2020/21 to 22,000 in 2022/23.”
The ministry expects 20,500 students to pass the craftsmanship test in 2022/23, an increase of 5,000 over the last financial year.
Students completing internships will also increase from 24,136 in 2020/21 to 31,300 in this financial year, while students completing internships would stabilize at 5,200.
The combined SETA placed 44,619 unemployed on scholarships, of which over 34,710 were young people under 35. Over 25,550 of these were women.
In the previous financial year, SETA placed 9,901 interns, of which 9,096 were young people under the age of 35 and 6,455 were females. SETA spent just over Rand 883 million on this.
For the placement in TVET, SETA placed around 8,539 students, of which 5,656 were females for a total cost of R393 million.
For the university placement, SETA placed 5,183 students in the workplace for a value of R300 million.