Where have the new cases been reported?
In early April, Britain became the first country to notify WHO of a cluster of cases of unexplained hepatitis in children. The cases were unusual because they occurred over a short period of time in otherwise healthy children and because doctors quickly ruled out any of the common hepatitis viruses as a cause. They have not identified any travel patterns, diet, exposure to chemicals or other risk factors that could explain the outbreak. according to the UK Health Safety Agency briefing.
Since then, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain and the United States have reported similar cases, the ECDC said.
In the United States, Alabama recorded nine cases between October and February. Three of the children developed liver failure and two required liver transplants, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention noted. a recent report. All the children have recovered or are recovering, the agency noted.
“The two who received the transplant are actually doing quite well,” said Dr. Henry Shiau, pediatric transplant hepatologist at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Children’s of Alabama hospital.
The cases prompted the CDC launch a national warningasking health professionals to keep an eye on similar cases.
Illinois Other Wisconsin they have since announced potential cases. North Carolina, Delaware, Minnesota, California, New York, Georgia and Louisiana have also identified, or are investigating, possible cases, state officials told the New York Times.
What are the symptoms?
In many cases, the children developed gastrointestinal symptoms, including vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain, followed by a yellowing of the skin or eyes, known as jaundice. They also had abnormally high levels of liver enzymes, a sign of liver inflammation or damage.