Right here’s a have a look at Chechnya, a republic in southwestern Russia, within the Caucasus Mountains area. Chechnya is bordered by Russia, the nation of Georgia, and the Russian republics of Dagestan and Ingushetia.
Inhabitants: 1,506,700 (July 2021 est.)
President: Ramzan Kadyrov (2007-present)
1991 – Chechnya begins preventing for independence from the crumbling Soviet Union.
1994 – The Russian Federation sends 35,000-40,000 troops to Chechnya to cease the rise up.
February 1995 – Grozny falls to Russian forces.
Might 27, 1996 – A ceasefire is said, however preventing continues. Chechen rebels seize key authorities websites.
August 31, 1996 – A peace accord is signed and Russian troops quickly withdraw. Two years of preventing leaves 120,000 Chechens and three,000 Russian troops lifeless.
August 1999 – Islamist rebels launch incursions into neighboring Dagestan. Russian forces reply by transferring into Chechnya in September.
September 1999 – House buildings in Moscow, Buynaksk and Volgodonsk are bombed, ensuing within the deaths of almost 300 folks.
February 2000 – Russian forces take management of Grozny, and the battle begins to wind down.
July 2000 – Militants launch 5 suicide bomb assaults on Russian safety bases. The deadliest assault kills 54 folks.
October 2002 – Chechen rebels seize a theater in Moscow, and maintain over 700 folks hostage. Russian forces use an unknown gasoline to subdue the militants. All 41 of the rebels and 129 hostages die.
Might 2003 – Fifty-nine persons are killed when two suicide bombers drive a truck filled with explosives right into a authorities complicated in northern Chechnya.
June 2003 – A suicide assault kills 16 folks at a live performance in Moscow.
February 2004 – Forty are killed and 100 injured when a suicide bomber detonates a bomb on a Moscow metro prepare.
Might 2004 – Akhmad Kadyrov, the president of Chechnya, is assassinated. Kadyrov was elected Chechen president with backing from Russia.
August 24, 2004 – Two Russian passenger planes are blown up virtually concurrently, killing 89.
August 31, 2004 – A feminine suicide bomber kills 9 folks and herself, and wounds 51 others, when she detonates a bomb outdoors a subway station in northeastern Moscow.
September 1-5, 2004 – Armed attackers storm a college in Beslan, in southern Russia, and take a minimum of 1,200 folks hostage, together with youngsters. The hostage takers reportedly demand the discharge of greater than two dozen prisoners and that Russia withdraw all of its forces from Chechnya. A few of the hostage takers are reportedly sporting explosives belts utilized in suicide bombings.
September 2, 2004 – Some hostages are launched.
September 3, 2004 – Russian troops finish a standoff on the Beslan college through which Chechen rebels had taken a number of hundred college students, lecturers and oldsters hostage.
September 5, 2004 – The Russian authorities takes one suspect in custody because the demise depend stands a minimum of 335 hostages, together with 156 youngsters, together with 26 hostage takers and 10 Russian particular forces troopers.
September 17, 2004 – In an e-mail message posted on the Chechen insurgent web site, Kavkazcenter.com, Chechen terrorist chief Shamil Basayev claims accountability for a number of current terrorist assaults in Russia, together with the Moscow metro bombing, explosions aboard two passenger jets and the taking of hostages at a college in Beslan.
July 2006 – Shamil Basayev is killed, however the actual particulars stay unclear.
November 2006 – Abu-Khavs, described because the commander of all international fighters within the North Caucasus, is killed by safety forces.
June 2008 – In keeping with UNICEF, since 1994, 700 folks have been killed by landmines left over from the Chechnya-Russia Battle.
April 2009 – Russia declares an finish to its 10-year anti-terror operation in Chechnya with the insurgent motion largely quashed.
March 29, 2010 – Feminine suicide bombers detonate explosives in two Moscow subway stations throughout morning rush hour. Russian officers counsel that Chechen separatists are guilty.
August 28, 2010 – Chechnya proclaims the deaths of 12 militants and two cops in a gunfight that noticed 30 militants assault the house village of Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov.
October 19, 2010 – Three closely armed males assault the parliament constructing in Grozny. Two cops and a parliamentary aide are killed, with 17 folks injured within the assault.
February 7, 2011 – Chechen insurgent chief Doku Umarov claims accountability for the January 24, 2011 bombing of Moscow’s Domodedovo Airport that killed 36 folks.
Might 26, 2011 – The US has added Caucasus Emirate, a Chechen group primarily based in North Caucasus, to its checklist of terrorist teams.
March 18, 2014 – In keeping with a Chechen jihadist web site, insurgent chief Doku Umarov has died.
December 4, 2014 – Gunmen described as Islamic militants assault a constructing in Grozny, killing a minimum of 20 folks.
Might 2017 – Kadyrov tells Interfax information company that homosexual folks don’t exist. He says “In Chechen society, there isn’t a such factor as nontraditional orientation.”
January 14, 2019 – Russian LGBT Community releases a press release relating to the “new wave of persecution in opposition to LGBT in Chechnya.” It’s thought that roughly 40 folks have been detained and a minimum of two folks have died because of torture.